Tritone substitution piano pdf

The most highly acclaimed jazz piano method ever published. A useful relationship to understand, is that when we play this exact voicing. A tritone substitution is a great way to make a typical iii7v sound more interesting. In blues and jazz turnarounds, its common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. Apr 09, 2015 tritone substitution is a good way to add some new ideas to your ii v i lines.

Explanation of the tritone jazz chord substitution that adds so much colour to the sound by way of musical examples charlie parker, clifford brown. See the following explanation of the chords before viewing the free pdf sheet of this chord substitution. Today we are going to discuss some scales that you can use to approach various tritone substitutions when you improvise. Tritone substitution is a reharmonisation technique that can be used to add harmonic interest and variety to a chord progression. Most bassists are familiar with basic chord types, since we use basic r357 chord tones for building bass lines all the time.

The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root. Jazz piano methods and songbook for professional playing by kent hewitt c. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. Over 300 pages with complete chapters on intervals and triads, the major modes and iivi, 3note voicings, sus. Using scales to approach tritone substitution learn jazz. It is also an attempt to address theoretical knowledge, and the application of coherent thinking when improvising jazz music. You should already be familiar with the regular dominant voicings that we have covered in the lesson on rootless voicings. The tritone substitution for the 5 chord g7 would be db7. As said in the article harmonic function, the dominant chord has tension sonority. A tritone is an interval of 3 whole steps or 6 half steps on the piano.

Tritone substitution complete watch again back to courses. Tritone substitution part 1 of 2 cocktail piano lessons. Can tritone substitutions really revolutionize your playing. Tritone substitution sheet music free download as pdf file. If you play a tritone ten times in a row before you go to bed tonight figure 67, you probably wont be able to fall asleepyoull have to get up, run to the piano, and resolve it to a i chord figure. Print and download in pdf or midi tritone substitution example. The rules behind tritone substitution say that you can replace this g dominant7 with the dominant chord that is 3 whole steps away or a tritone away.

Tritone substitution lesson everything you need to know. G7 you can transpose that v7 chord a tritone up or down. Join pianogroove pro to access all downloads and learning resources. When a i chord is leading into a iv chordadd a minor 7th to the i chord. Jazz piano lessons stepbystep lessons to master jazz theory. Diminished chromatic, minor chromatic, secondary dominant, 251, tritone substitution, and chromatic mediant.

Mark watkins received his degrees from brigham young university and indiana university and has studied with eugene rousseau, daniel deffayet, ray smith, and yushi ishiwata and jazz with david baker. In this video i am going to show you one of the scariest substitutions. The tritone substitution chord is an essential harmonic device to know and love as it is such a phenomenal sound and is key to understanding so much jazz chromatic harmonic resolution. When playing jazz guitar there are times when you want to add some crunch to your playing and one way you can do that is by using superimpositions and substitutions.

Tritone chord substitution in bass lines doug ross. In this lesson i show you my favorite reharmonization technique tritone substitution. Because once you understand this, tritone substitution is easy. In part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Here in part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. It works best with dominant chords but you can mess around with it on major and minor seventh chords as well. Tritone substitution is fairly straightforward to understand, but learning how to add these coolsounding chords to your comping ideas can be tougher than it sounds.

This book is an attempt to address the techniques of piano playing as applied to the playing of jazz. Because they share the same tritone, they are possible substitutes for one another. Tritone substitution is a reharmonisation technique that can be used to. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing one dominant 7th chord with another dominant 7th chord located a tritone away from the original. In this lesson, were going to explore an important tritone relationship for altered dominant chord voicings. Tritone bridge is a term used to describe using tritone substitutions throughout the bridge of a rhythm tune. The tritone substitution is one of the most commonly used chord substitutions in jazz. In this second part of the functional theory for bassists series, phil mann will take you further through the various functional aspects of harmony and theory. Tritone substitution is a reharmonisation technique that can be used to add harmonic interest. The tune lo jo by george coleman uses a tritone bridge. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord and improvisation devices in jazz. Yesterday i gave some detailed examples of common places you can use a tritone substitution, including some tunes that use tritone substitution in different ways. A tritone substitution is the substitution of one dominant seventh chord possibly altered or extended with another that is three whole steps a tritone from the original chord.

An important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. Tritone substitution is a good way to add some new ideas to your ii v i lines. Tritone substitution example sheet music for piano download. In the key of c, a 251 progression contains the chords. How to use a tritone substitution in your progressions the. One of the most common chord substitutions in jazz is the tritone substitution. Also in jazz harmony, the tritone is both part of the dominant chord and its substitute dominant also known as the sub v chord. But basically, lets see how this works in a 251 chord. You may also be aware that different chords can sometimes be substituted for each other. Have trouble trying to save thius lesson as pdf, the staffs appears as blank spaces.

An introduction to chord substitutions for piano players. A tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety to a 251 progression. Heres an easy chord substitution for church pianists to use. Tritone substitution tutorial what is tritone substitution. Tritone substitution is a popular term that gets thrown a lot in music, especially jazz music when it comes to reharmonizing the chords and harmony in jazz standards and often times big band arrangements the term tritone, refers to the interval tritone, which indicates that we will be dealing with a 4 and a half step difference as the tritone is a half step larger. He is a contributing writer for making music magazine and international musician, and lectures on the music industry and the history of rock n roll. Our role as a bass player is to support the harmonic foundation for the rest of the band, as well as lock the rhythms. This is where the confusion usually begins for students. Print and download in pdf or midi tritone substitution cycle. Tritone substitution wpredominant example sheet music for. Tritone substitution the tritone, and the v chord that it is part of, are very unstable and want very much to resolve, as in figure 66. This technique can add some great color to your jazz solos.

Any cracks in your technical foundation will limit your musical progress. It basically says that you can substitute the chord a tritone away for the chord youre currently on. Ive been playing piano for a long time and this lesson gave me a lot of useful information to keep. May 15, 2017 explanation of the tritone jazz chord substitution that adds so much colour to the sound by way of musical examples charlie parker, clifford brown. In fact, you can omit any note except for the 3rd and 7th guide tones of the chord and still retain the general sound or feel of the original chord. In other words, tritone substitution involves replacing v 7 with.

By using tritone chord substitution, you often get a beautiful chromatic bass line in the song and especially in turn arounds. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone 3 whole steps away from the original chord. A tritone is an interval of three whole tones between two notes. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone augmented fourth lower. The amount of information we can learn form studying this exotic harmonic switch so beloved of pro jazz players is myriad. Ab forms as defined by john mehegan in his jazz improvisation series, vol. The use of chord substitutions is fun to practice but must be used with caution on the gig. Mark watkins received his degrees from brigham young university and indiana university and has studied with eugene rousseau, daniel deffayet, ray.

In other words, when we play simultaneously two notes that have three tones of distance between them, we are playing a tritone. Simply put, a tritone is an augmented fourth or diminished fifth, depending on the key. Tritone substitutions are also knows as substitute dominants or sub 5s so be aware that these 3 terms refer to the same thing. Were only talking about dominant 7th chords, not major or minor chords.

The minor 7th note is located a 7th above the root bottom note of the chord. It is very closely related to using altered dominants, but the fact that you think another chord will also give you some new melodic ideas. In todays lesson we are going to be checking out a substitution that you can to play better jazz guitar chords and apply to single line soloing called the tritone or sometimes just b5 substitution. Apr 06, 2016 in part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Jun 16, 2017 a tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. Tritone substitution part 2 of 2 cocktail piano lessons. Mar 24, 2017 an important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. Download this free pdf containing rootless 251 progressions in all 12 keys. Tritone is the interval of three whole tones between two notes. Tritone substitution example sheet music for piano.

The tritone chord substitution is one of the most commonly used chord substitutions in jazz. To understand tritone substitution, you have to think first why an ordinary v i creates the satisfying effect of bringing a chord arrangement back to its root. Jul 25, 2019 tritone substitution is a popular term that gets thrown a lot in music, especially jazz music when it comes to reharmonizing the chords and harmony in jazz standards and often times big band arrangements. Secondary dominant, 251, tritone substitution, and chromatic mediant. The secret to passing chords piano lesson with warren. Tritone substitution complete watch again back to courses in this second part of the functional theory for bassists series, phil mann will take you further through the various functional aspects of harmony and theory. G7 and db7 share the same tritone interval which gives both chords their dominant quality and makes these two chords interchangeable. The fact is that it is the flat 5 contained within the 7th chord that works the magic take this g7 chord for example. In order for a particular piano voicing to qualify as a tritone substitution it must exclude the root from the bass. Can tritone substitutions really revolutionize your. Oct 06, 2007 a musical tritone is an interval of three whole tones whole steps or six half tones half steps. Tritone substitution cycle iivi in all keys sheet music.

Jazz and gospel pianists rely heavily on these passing chords and their concepts. The goal of chord substitution is to create a more interesting and contrasting harmony. The use of a chord three whole steps away to replace or follow the original chord. When is it ok to use chord substitutions on standards. When it comes to more advanced music theory, students get confused and give up in their struggle to advance in their musicianship. A tritone is typically created by adding an accidental, but its found naturally on the fourth and seventh degrees of any scale. Advanced rich piano chords with tritones, quartals and ust.

Simply because the augmented fourth is synonymous with the tritone, this substitution is called a tritone substitution. Print and download in pdf or midi tritone substitution with predominant. Apr 12, 2017 in this lesson i show you my favorite reharmonization technique tritone substitution. Tritone chord substitution introduction 101 youtube. Tritone substitution sheet music musical forms melody scribd. In this lesson, im going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. Dm7 g7 cmaj7 can have the g7 chord replaced to a db7, so the progression would become. Stevie wonder amazing tritone substitution tutorial. In this lesson ill try to briefly explain how it works and also. In the previous lesson on shell chords, we learned that you dont always have to play every single note in a chord. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. How to use a tritone substitution in your progressions. We are going to explore tritone substitution and apply the chosen melody over tritone sub 25s in the song there will. Years ago you could get banned from the church for even playing a tritone due to its very harsh or dissonant sound.

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